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mushroom ki kheti Kaise Kare मसरूम की खेती से पैसे कमायें

हेल्लो दोस्तों मैं हु संदीप ओला और आज मैं आपको बताऊंगा की मसरूम (Mushroom) की खेती कैसे करें. दोस्तों लोग करोडपति बन गए है मसरूम (Mushroom) की खेती करके आप भी बन सकते है अगर आप तरीके से करते है तो.

Hello Friends Main Hu  Sandeep Ola Aur Aaj Main Aapke Saath Share Kar Raha Hu Ki Mushroom Ki Kheti Kaise Karen. Doston Log Mushroom Ki Kheti Se Crodpati Ban Gaye Hai. Ye Kheti Koi Bhi Kar Sakta Hai Aisa Nahin Hai Ki Jaankar Log Hi Kar Sakte Hai. Aap Bhi Kar Sakte Hai Bas Aapko Jaankari Honi Chahie.

 

मसरूम की खेती के बारे में सबकुछ पढ़े – 

Hajaron Varshaon Se Vishvphabhr Me Mushroom Ki Upyogita Bhojan Aur Aushadh Dono Hi Rupon Me Rahi Hai. Ye Poshan Ka Bharpur Srot Hain Aur Svaasydh   Khadyon Ka Ek Bada Hissa  Banate Hain. Mushroom Me Vasa Ki Matra Bilkuhal Kam Hoti Hain, Visheshkar Protein Aur Karbohaidreta Ki Tulana Me, Aur Is Vasayukti Bhag Me Mukhayetaya Linolik Amlah Jaise Asantptikrt Vasayukte Amlar Hote Hain, Ye Svmasthas Hday Aur Hday Snbndhi Prakriya Ke Lea Aadarsh Bhojan Ho Skata Hai. Pehle, Mushroom Ka Seven Vishv Ke Vishishata‍ Pradeshon Aur Kshaetron Tkah Hi Simit Tha Par Vaishviukaran Ke Karan Vibhinn  Snskr‍tiyon Ke Bich Snpreshan Aur Badhte Hue Upabhoktaivad Ne Sabhi Kshaetron Me Mushroom Ki Pahunch Ko Sunishchit Kiya Hai. Mushroom Teji Se Vibhinni Paak Pustik Aur Everydaymarra Ke Upyog Me Apna Stha N Bana Rahe Hain. Ek Aam Aadami Ko Rasoi Me Bhi Usne Apni Jgah Bana Li Hai. Upabhog Ki Chalu Pravrtti Mushroom Niryat Ke Kshaetr Me Badhte Opportunityon Ko Darshati Hai.

India Me Ugane Vale Mushroom Ki Do Serveadhik Aam Praja Tiyan Vaita Btan Mushroom Aur Oyastamr Mushroom Hai. Humare Desh Me Hone Vale Vaita Btan Mushroom Ka Jyanadatar Utpaamdan Mausami Hai. Isaki Kheti Parmpalragat Tarike Se Ki Jati Hai. Samanypata, Uposhcheyarikrt Kudaa Khad Ka Prayog Kiya Jata Hai, Islea Upaj Bahut Kam Hoti Hai. Tathapi Pichhale Kuch Varshaon Me Behtar Agriculture-Vigyan Pdadhatiyon Ki Shuruaat Ke Parinaamasvlarup Mushroom Ki Upaj Me Vrddhi Hui Hai. Aam Vaita Btan Mushroom Ki Kheti Ke Lea Technique Kaushal Ki Aavashynkata Hai. Anyi Karakon Ke Alava, Is Pranali Ke Lea Nami Chahiey, Do Alag Temperature Chahiey Arthat Paida Karne Ke Lea Athava Pradohn Vrddhi Ke Lea (Spolan Ran) 220-280 Degree Se, Prjann Avasthae Ke Lea (Phal Nirman) : 150-180 Degree Se; Nami: 85-95 Pratishat Aur Paryaptath Snvatan Sabtare    Ta Ke Dauran Milana Chahiey Jo Visnkramit Hain Aur Atynnat Roganurahit Paristhiti Ke Taht Ugae N Jane Par Aasani Se Sndushait Ho Sakte Hain. Isliye 100 Degree Se. Par Vashap N (Passturikaran) Adhik Svinkary Hai.

 

Playourotas, Ostadhr Mushroom Ka Vaigyanik Name Hai. India Ke Kai Bhagon Me, Yah Dhingari Ke Name Se Jana Jata Hai. Is Mushroom Ki Kai Prajatiya Hai Udahnaarth :- Pliyourotas Ostariytas, Pi Sajor-Kaju, Pi. Floridaa, Pi. Saipidas, Pi. Flaibelaitas, Pi Erinaji Tatha Kai Anya Bhojyam Prajatiyan. Mushroom Ugana Ek Aesa Vytavsay Hai, Jisake Lea Adhykavsay Dhairy Aur Buddhisngat Dekha-Rekha Jaruri Hai Aur Aesa Kaushal Chahiey Jise Keval Buddhisngat Anubhav Dwara Hi Vikasit Kiya Ja Skata Hai.

Pladyourotas Mushroom Ki Pradohn Vrddhi (Paida Karne Ka Daur) Aur Prjann Charn Ke Lea 200-300 Degree Ka Temperature Hona Chahiey. Madhy  Samudr Staur Se 1100-1500 Mitar Ki Uchani Par Uchchay Tungata Par Isaki Kheti Karne Ka Upayukti Samay March Se Aktuaubar Hai, Madhyi Samudr Stnr Se 600-1100 Mitar Ki Uchani Par Madhyar Tungata Par Pharvari Se Mi Aur Sitnbar Se Navnbar Hai Aur Samudr Stadr Se 600 Mitar Niche Ki Nimnaj Tungata Par Aktutabr Se March Hai.

Aavashytak Saman

  1. Dhan Ke Tinake – Phadundi Rahit Taje Sunahre Pile Dhan Ke Tinake, Jo Varsha Se Bachhakar Kisi Sukhe Sthadhan Par Rakhe Gaye Ho.
  2. 400 Gej Ke Pramap Ki Motai Vali Plahastaik Shita – Ek Blaak Banane Ke Lea 1 Varg Mi. Ki Plapastaik Shita Chahiey.
  3. Lkadi Ke Sanche – 45X30X15 Se. Mi. Ke Map Ke Lkadi Ke Sanche, Jinamen Se Kisi Ka Bhi Sira Ya Tala N Ho, Par 44X29 Se. Mi. Ke Aayam Ka Ek Alag Lkadi Ka Kavr Ho.
  4. Tinakon Ko Kaatne Ke Lea Gndaasa Ya Bhusa Katr.
  5. Tinakon Ko Ubalane Ke Lea Dram (Kam Se Kam Do)
  6. Juta Ki Rassia, Naariyal Ki Rassie Ya Plaistaik Ki Rassiyan
  7. Tata Ka Bore
  8. Spaakan Athava Mushroom Jivanu � Jinheni Sahayak Rogavigyani, Mushroom Vikas Kendra, Se Pratyevak Blouk Ke Lea Praptay Kiya Ja Skata Hai.
  9. Ek Spre Yar
  10. Tinakon Ke Bhndaaran Ke Lea Shed � 10X8 Mi. Aakar Ka.

 

Prakriya :

Kuda Khad Taiyar Karna

 

Kuda Khad Banane Ke Lea Annn Ke Tinakon (Genhu, Makkai, Dhan, Aur Chawal), Makk,I Ki Dndiya, Ganne Ki Koi Jaise Kisi Bhi Agriculture Upotpassd Athava Kisi Bhi Any  Sellyouilos Upshishata Ka Upyog Kiya Ja Skata Hai. Genhu Ke Tinakon Ki Fasal Taji Honi Chahiey Aur Ye Chamkate Sunahre Color Ke Ho Tatha Ise Varsha Se Bachha Kar Rakha Gaya Hai. Ye Tinake Lagbahg 5-8 Se. Mi. Lnbe Taukadon Me Hone Chahiey Anyetha Lnbe Tinakon Se Taiyar Kiya Gaya Dher Kam Sghan Hoga Jisse Anuchit Kinv N Ho Skata Hai. Iske Vipari T, Bahut Chhotae Tinake Dher Ko Bahut Adhik Sghan Bana Denge Jisse Dher Ke Bich Tak Paryaptag Oksiojan Nahin Pahunch Paaegga Jo Anerobik Kinven Me Parinaamit Hoga. Genhu Ke Tinake Athava Uparyuktan Saman Me Se Sabhi Me Sulyougalos, Hemisellyouyalos Aur Lignihan Hota Hai, Jinka Upyog Karban Ke Rup Me Mushroom Kavk Vardhan Ke Lea Kiya Jata Hai. Ye Sabhi Kudaa Khad Banane Ke Dauran Microflora Ke Nirman Ke Lea Uchit Vayumishran Sunishchit Karne Ke Lea Jaruri Sbasto Tae Ko Bhautik Dhaancha Bhi Pradan Karta Hai. Chawal Aur Makki Ke Tinake Atyasdhik Komal Hote Hai, Ye Kudaa Khad Banane Ke Samay Jaldil Se Avakramit Ho Jate Hain Aur Genhu Ke Tinakon Ki Upeksha Adhik Paani Sokhate Hain. Isliye, In Sbasto Tas Ka Prayog Karte Samay Prayog Kie Jane Vale Paani Ki Pramatra, Ultane Ka Samay Aur Die Gaye Snpurakon Ki Dar Aur Prkar Ke Bich Samayojan Ka Dhyaran Rkhana Chahiey. Chunki Kuda Khad Taiyar Karne Me Prayuktab Upotpaaidon Me Kinvan Prakriya Ke Lea Jaruri Naitaeverydayn Aur Anyar Snghatk, Paryapt‍ Matra Me Nahin Hote, Is Prakriya Ko Shuru Karne Ke Lea, Yah Mishran Naitaeverydayn Aur Karbohaidretas Se Snpurit Kiya Jata Hai.

Spaaraning

Spaaraning Adhikatm Tatha Samayik Utpaakad Ke Lea Andon Ka Mishran Hai. Andj Ke Lea Adhikatm Khaurak Kampokastay Ke Taje Weight Ke 0.5 Tatha 0.75 Pratishat Ke Bich Hoti Hai. Nimnatar Daron Ke Phalsvurup Maisiliyam Ka Kam Vistamar Hoga Tatha Rogon Avm Pratidvandviyon Ke Opportunityon Me Vrddhi Hogi Uchchitar Daron Se Andatj Ki Kimat Me Vaddhi Hogi Tatha And J Ki Uchchr Dar Ke Phalspamrup Kabhi-Kabhi Kampo Stae Ki Asadharan Ushama  Ho Jati Hai.

 

E Baiporas Ke Lea Adhikatm Temperature 230 Se (+) (-) 20 Se./Upaj Kaksha Me Sapeksha Rdrata Andalj Ke Samay 85-90 Pratishat Ke Bich Honi Chahiey.

Katai

 

Thaile Ko Khaolane Ke 3 Se 4 Din Bad Mushroom Primrdiya Rup Dharan Karna Shuru Kar Dete Hain. Paripakva Mushroom Any4 2 Se 3 Dino Me Katai Ke Lea Taiyar Ho Jate Hain. Ek Ausat Jaivik Kargarha (Kaate Gaye Mushroom Ka Taja Weight Jise Eyar Drai Sbatreta Dwara Vibhaktak Kiya Gaya Ho X100) 80 Se 150 Pratishat Ke Bich Ho Sakti Hai Aur Kabhi-Kabhi Usese Jyaada. Mushroom Ko Kaatne Ke Lea Unhena Jal Se Pkada Jata Hai Tatha Halkea Se Maroda Jata Hai Tatha Khainch Liya Jata Hai. Chaku Ka Istesamal Nahin Kiya Jana Chahiey. Mushroom Refreejeretar Me 3 Se 6 Dino Tak Jata Bana Rahta Hai.

 

Mushroom Gr‍h/Kaksha

Kyoumab Taiyar Karne Ka Kaksha

Ek Aadarsh Kaksha R.Si.Si. Pharsh Ka Hona Chahiey, Roshnadanayukt  Avm Sukha Hona Chahiey. Lkadi Ke Dhaanche Ko Rkhane, Kyou.B Avm Any  R.Si.Si. Chabutara Ke Lea Kaksha Ke Andar 2 Semi Uncha Chabutara Banaya Jana Chahiey, Aesa Bhuse Ke Paashchunarikrt Thailon Ko Bahar Nikalane Ki Aavashyetanusar Hona Chahiey. Jin Samugriyon Ke Lea Kyouchab Ko Banane Ki Aavashyikata Hai, Unhen  Kaksha Ke Andar Rakha Jana Chahiey. Kyouub Ko Taiyar Karne Vale Vyyaktiyon Ko Hi Kamre Ke Andar Jane Ki Anumati Di Jani Chahiey.

Uthamayan Kaksha

Undayjon Ke Snchalan Ke Lea Kamra � Yah Kamra Rsisi Bhavan Athava Aasam Visman (Ghar Me Koi Alag Kamra) Ka Kamra Hona Chahiey Tatha Khandonth Ko Rkhane Ke Lea Tin Stron Me Saf Chhed Vale Bans Ki Aalamari Lagai Jani Chahiey. Pahla St R Jmeen Se 100 Semi Upar Hona Chahiey Tatha Dusra St R Kam Se Kam 60 Semi Uncha Hona Chahiey.

Fasal Kaksha

Ek Aadarsh Grh/Kaksha R.Si.Si. Bhavan Hoga Jisme Vidhivat Ushama6Rodhan Avm Kaksha Ko Thanda Avm Garm Karne Ka Pravadhan Sthaepit Kiya Gaya Hoga. Tathapi Bans, Thappavr Tatha Mitti Planstavr Jaise Sthataniy Rup Se Upalbdh  Samugriyon Ka Isteamal Karte Hue Sv Deshi Alpas Lagat Vale Ghar Ki Sifarish Ki Gai Hai. Mitti Avm Gobar Ke Samaan Mishran Vale Spilita Bans Ki Divaren Banai Ja Sakti Hai.

 

Kachchin Ushamabarodhak Pranali Ka Pravadhan Karne Ke Lea Ghar Ke Charon Or Ek Dusiri Divar Banai Jati Hai Jisme Prtham Avm Dusiri Divar Ke Madhyak 15 Semi Ka Anttar Rakha Jata Hai. Bahari Divar Ke Bahari Tarf Mitti Ka Palastakar Kiya Jana Chahiey. Do Divaron Ke Madhya Me Vayu Ka Sthan Ushaman Rodhak Ka Kary Karega Kyon Ki Vayu Ushamal Ka Kuchalak Hoti Hai. Yahan Tak Ki Ek Behtar Ushama‍rodhan Ka Pravadhan Kiya Ja Skata Hai Yadi Divaron Ke Bich Ke Sthaen Ko Acchia Tarh Se Sukhe 8 E Chhappavr Se Bhar Diya Jae. Ghar Ka Pharsh Variyat: Simeta Ka Hona Chahiey Kintudh Jahan Yah Snbhav Nahi Hai, Acchiv Tarh Se Kuta Huaa Avm Plachastatrayukt  Mitti Ka Pharsh Paryapt  Hoga. Tathapi, Mitti Ki Pharsh Ke Mamale Me Adhik Savadhani Bartani Hogi. Chhat Motae Chhapar Ki Taho Athava Variyat: Simeta Ki Shitaon Ki Banai Jani Chahiey. Chhapparr Ki Chhat Se Anavashyak Samugriyon Ke Sndushan Se Bchane Ke Lea Ek Nkali Chhat Aavashyik Hai. Pravesh Dvar Ke Alava, Kaksha Me Vayu Ke Aane Avm Nikalne Ke Lea Kamre Ke Aayu Env Pashche Bhag Ke Upar Avm Niche Dono Tarf Se Roshnadano Ka Bhi Pravadhan Kiya Jana Chahiey. Ghar Tatha Kaksha Urdhvandhar Avm Anuprasth  Bans Ke Khambhon  Ke Dhaancho Ka Hona Chahiey Jo Ushamakayn Avadhi Ke Uparant  Khandon Ko Tangane Ke Lea Upekshait Hai. Anuprasthu Khambhon  Ko Ushama Yan Aalamari Ke Rup Me 3 Stanriy Pranali Me Vybhavsthi‍t Kiya Ja Skata Hai. Khambhey Variyat: Divaron Se 60 Semi Dur Tatha Tino Stiron Ki Pratye K Pnkti Ke Bich Me Hone Chahiey, 1 Semi Ki Nyousantam Jgah Banai Rakhi Jani Chahiey. 3.0X2.5X2.0 Mi. Ka Fasal Kaksha 35 Se 40 Kyouyabon Ko Samayojit Karega.

 

Vidhi

Bhuse Ko Hath Ke Yntr Se 3-5 Semi Lambe  Taukadon Me Kaatie Tatha Tata Ki Bori Me Bhar Dijie. Ek Dram Me Paani Ubalea. Jab Paani Ubalna Shuru Ho Jae To Bhuse Ke Sath Tata Ki Bori Ko Ubalte Paani Me Rakh Dijie Tatha 15-20 Minute Tak Ubalea. Iske Pashchait Feri Ko Dram Se Hata Lijie Tatha 8-10 Hour Tak Pade Rahne Dijie Taki Atirikt‍ Paani Nikal Jae Tatha Chokar Ko Thanda Hone Dijie. Is Baat Ka Dhyatan Rakha Jae Ki Blo K Banane Tak Thaile Ko Khaula N Chhoda Jae Kyon Ki Aesa Hone Par Ubala Huaa Chokar Sndushait Ho Jaegga. Hatheliyon Ke Bich Me Chokar Ko Nichodkar Chokar Ki Vanchhit Nami Tadv  Ka Parikshan Kiya Ja Skata Hai Tatha Sunishchit Kijie Ki Paani Ki Bunde Chokar Se Bahar N Nikalen.

Chokar Ke Paashchudarikrt Ka Dusra Tarika Bhapan Hai. Is Tarike Ke Lea Dram Me Thode Parivartan Ki Aavashyachhkata Hoti Hai (Dram Ke Dhakkarn Me Ek Chhota Chhed Kijie Tatha Chokar Ko Ubalate Samay Rbar Ki Tayoub Se Dhakkadn Ke Charon Or Sil Laga Dijie) Taukade-Dukade Kie Gaye Chokar Ko Pehle Bhigo Dijie Tatha Atirikt  Paani Nikal Diya Jae. Dram Me Kuch Patthgar Daal Dijie Tatha Patth R Ke St R Tak Paani Udelea. Bans Ki Taokari Me Rakhkar Gile Chokar Ko Ubal Den Tatha Dram Ke Andar Patth R Ke Upar Taokari Ko Rakh Den. Dram Ke Dhakkon Ko Band Kar Den Tatha Rbar Ki Tayoub Se Dhakkin Ki Nemi Ko Sil Kar Dijie. Ubale Hue Paani Se Utpnnn  Bhap Chokar Se Gujarte Hue Ise Paashchuo‍rikrt Karegi. Ubalane Ke Bad Chokar Ko Pehle Se Kitanurahit Kie Gaye Bori Me Sthachanantarit Kar Dijie Tatha 8-10 Hour Tak Ise Thanda Hone Ke Lea Chhod Dijie.

Lkadi Ka Ek Sancha Lijie Tatha Chikane Pharsh Par Rakh Dijie. Ptasun Ki Do Rassiyon Urdhvaadhar Avm Anuprasthar Rup Me Rakh Dijie. Pla Staik Ki Shita Se Astkar Lagaie Jise Pehle Ubalte Paani Me Dubokar Kitanurahit Kiya Gaya Hai.

        5 Semi. Ke Ubale Chokar Ko Bhar Dijie Tatha Lkadi Ke Dhakkakn Ki Help Se Ise Sampi Dit Kijie Tatha Puri Stah Par Spaaban Ko Chhidkie.

        Spaajaning Ki Prtham Tah Ke Uparanto 5 Semi Ka Anyi Chokar Rakhie Tatha Stah Par Pun: Sthajan Ka Chhidkav Karen Tatha Prtham Tah Me Kie Gaye Ki Tarh Ise Sampinadit Kijie. Is Prkar Tah Par Spaan Ko 4 Se 6 Tah Tak Ke Lea Tab Tak Chhidkie Jab Tak Chokar Sanche Ke Shirsha Ke Stapr Tak N Aa Jae. Ek (1) Ek Packeta Spaa N Ka Isteimal 1 Kyoueb Athava Bla K Ke Lea Kiya Jana Chahiey.

        Ab Plaistaik Ki Shita Sanche Ki Shirsha Par Mod Jae Plavastaik Ke Niche Pehle Rakhi Gai Ptasun Ki Rassiyon Se Use Bandh Diya Jae.

        Bandhane Ke Uparant Sanche Ko Hataya Ja Skata Hai Tatha Chokar Ka Aayatakar Khand Pichhe Bachh Jata Hai.

        Vayu Ke Lea Khand Ke Sabhi Tarf Chhed (2 Mimi Vya S) Banayen.

        Ushamakayn Kaksha Me Blo K Ko Rakh Dijie Unhensimple Tah Me Ek Dusre Ke Bgal Rakha Jae Tatha Is Baat Ka Dhyaen Rakha Jae Ki Unhend Pharsh Par Athava Ek Dusre Ke Shirsha Par Sidhe N Rakha Jae Kyonaki Isse Atirikt  Ushama  Utp Nnas Hogi.

        Blo K Ka Temperature 250 Se. Par Rakha Jae. Blopak Ke Chhidron Me Ek Tapamapak Daalkar Ise Nota Kiya Ja Skata Hai. Yadi Temperature 250 Se. Se Upar Jata Hai To Kamre Me Gas Bharne Ki Salah Di Jati Hai. Tatha Yadi Temperature Me Giravata Aati Hai, To Kamre Ko Dhire-Dhire Garm Kiya Jana Chahiey.

        Pure Payal Me Failane Ke Lea Spaan Ko 12 Se 15 Din Lgata Hai Tatha Jab Pura Blo K Safed Ho Jae To Yah Nishan Hai Ki Spaaan Snchalan Pura Ho Gaya Hai.

        Andjad Paripaalan Ke Uparant Bloak Se Rassiy Tatha Platastaik Ki Shita Ko Hata Dijie. Naariyal Ki Rassi Se Blopak Ko Anuprasth‍ Rup Me Bandh Dijie Tatha Ise Fasal Kaksha Me Latka Dijie. Is Avasthap Se Aage Kamre Ki Sapeksha Rdrata 85 Pratishat Se Kam Nahin Honi Chahiey. Aese Divaron Tatha Kamre Ki Pharsh Par Jal Chhidk Karke Samay-Samay Par Kiya Ja Skata Hai. Yadi Pharsh Simeta Ka Hai, To Salah Di Jati Hai Ki Pharsh Par Paani Daalea Taki Pharsh Par Humesh Paani Rahe. Yadi Khand Halka  Se Sukhane Ka Lakshan Jisse Lage To Spre Yar Ke Madhyarm Se Spre  Kiya Ja Skata Hai.

        Eka Saptayah Se 10 Din Ke Bhitar Bloek Ki Stah Par Chhotae-Chhotae Pin Shirsha Dikhai Padege Tatha Ye Ek Ya Do Din Ke Bhitar Pure Aakar Ke Mushroom Ho Jaenge.

        Jab Phal Banna Shuru Hota Hai To Hava Ki Jarurat Badh Jati Hai. Isliye Jab Ek Bar Phal Banna Shuru Ho Jata Hai To Aavashyahk Hai Ki Har 6 Se 12 Ghantao  Bad Kamre Ke Samane Aur Pichhe Die Gaye Ventiletar Khaolkar Taji Hava Andar Li Jae.

        Jab Aavarnon Ki Paridhi Upar Ki Or Mudna Shuru Ho Jati Hai To Phal Kaya (Mushroom) Todne Ke Lea Taiyar Ho Jate Hai. Aesa Jahir Hoga Kyon Ki Chhoti-Chhoti Silavtaen Aavarn Par Dikhai Padne Lgati Hai. Mushroom Ko Kaatne Ke Lea Anguthe Avm Tarjani Se Aadhar Par Daal Ko Pkad Lijie Tatha Halke  Kla.Kwij Mod Se Pual Athava Kisi Chhotae Mushroom Utpaadan Ko Vikshaobhit Kie Bina Mushroom Ko Daal Se Alag Kar Lijie. Kaatne Ke Lea Chaku Athava Kainchi Ka Iste Mal Mat Karen. Ek Sapta H Ke Bad Blonk Me Phir Se Phal Aane Shuru Ho Jaenge.

Upaj :

Mushroom Pravah Me Dikhai Padte Hai. Ek Kyoutab Se Lagbahg 2 Se 3 Pravah Kaate Ja Sakte Hai. Prtham Pravah Ki Upaj Jya Da Hoti Hai Tatha Tadposhchaet Dhire-Dhire Kam Hone Lgati Hai Tatha Ek Kyouthab Se 1.5 Kigra Se 2 Kigra Tak Ke Taje Mushroom Ki Kul Upaj Praptan Hoti Hai. Iske Bad Kyou B Ko Chhod Diya Jata Hai Tatha Fasal Kaksha Se Kafi Dur Par Sthit Ek Gaddhe Me Paata Diya Jata Hai Athava Bagiche Athava Khet Me Khad Ke Rup Me Iska Istedamal Kiya Ja Skata Hai.

Parirakshan

Mushroom Ko Taja Khaya Ja Skata Hai Athava Ise Sukhaya Ja Skata Hai. Chunki Ve Jaldi Hi Nastao Ho Jane Vale Prakrti Ke Hote Hain To Aage Ke Iste Mal Athava Durasthi Vipnan Ke Lea Unka Parirakshan Aavashyek Hai. Oyestanr Mushroom Ko Pari‍rakshait Karne Ka Sabse Purana Avm Sastar Tarika Hai Dhup Me Sukhana.

 

Garm Hava Me Sukhana Kargar Upyog Hai Jisake Dwara Mushroom Ko Dihaidretar (Stharaniy Rup Se Taiyar Upaskar) Namek Upaskarr Me Sukhaya Jata Hai Mushroom Ko Ek Band Kamre Me Lage Hue Tar Ke Jal Se Yukt  Raik Me Rakha Jata Hai Tatha Garm Hava (500 Se 550 Se) 7-8 Hour Tak Raik Ke Madhym Se Gujarti Hai. Mushroom Ko Sukhane Ke Bad Ise Vayusah Dibbea Me Stao R Kiya Jata Hai Athava 6-8 Month Ke Lea Polibag Me Sil Kar Diya Jata Hai. Puri Tarh Se Sokhane Ke Uparant Mushroom Apne Taje Wajan (Weight) Se Kam Hokar Ek Se Ghat Kar Tairahvan Bhag Rah Jata Hai Jo Suraksha Ke Aadhar Par Alag-Alag Hota Hai. Mushroom Ko Ushanaa Jal Me Bhigokar Aasani Se Pun: Jalit Kiya Ja Skata Hai.

Rog Avm Pita

Yadi Mushroom Ki Dekhabhal N Ki Jae To Anek Rog Avm Pita Is Par Humla Kar Dete Hain.

Rog

 

  1. Hari Phadund (Taraicodrma Viride) : Yah Kastuara Kukuramutte Me Sabse Adhik Samany Rog Hai Jahan Kyou Bon Par Hare Color Ke Dhabbe Dikhai Padte Hai.

1.

Niyntran : Formalin Ghol Me Cupde Ko Duboie (40 Pratishat) Tatha Prabhavit Kshaetr Ko Ponchh Dijie. Yadi Phadundi Aadhe Se Adhik Kyoudab Par Aakramn Karti Hai To Sampurn Kyouib Ko Hata Diya Jana Chahiey. Is Baat Ki Savadhani Rakhi Jani Chahiey Ki Dushait Kyoub Ko Punarsnkramn Se Bachhane Ke Lea Fasal Kaksha Se Kafi Dur Sthaen Par Jala Diya Jae Athava Dafna Diya Jae.

Kide

  1. Makkhaiyan : Dekha Gaya Hai Ki Skai Rid Makkhaiyan, Forid Makkhaiyan, Sesid Makkhaiyan Kukuramutte Tatha Spoman Ki Gndh Par Humla Karti Hain. Ve Bhusi Athava Kukuramutte Athava Unase Paida Hone Vale Andona Par Andel Deti Hain Tatha Fasal Ko Nastat Kar Deti Hain. Andep Maisiliyam, Mushroom Par Nirvah Karte Hain Avm Phal Paida Karne Vale Sharir Ke Andar Pravesh Kar Jate Hain Tatha Yah Upabhog Ke Lea Anupayuktak Ho Jata Hai.

 

Niyntran : Fasal Ki Avadhi Me Badi Makkhaiyon Ke Pravesh Ko Rokane Ke Lea Darvajon, Khaidakiyon Athava Roshnadano Par Parda Laga Dijie Yadi Koi, 30 Mesh Nailon Athava Vayar Neta Ka Parda. Mushroom Grhon Me Makkhaiidan Athava Makkhaiyon Ko Bhagane Ki Dava Ka Isteamal Karen.

  1. Kutaki : Ye Bahut Ptale Avm Rengane Vale Chhotae-Chhotae Kide Hote Hain Jo Kukuramutte Ke Sharir Par Dikhai Dete Hain. Ve Hanikarak Nahin Hote Hai, Kintug Jab Ve Badi Sankhya  Me Maujud Hote Hai To Utpaa.Dak Unase Chintit Rahta Hai.

3.

Niyntran : Ghar Tatha Paryavarn Ko Saf Suthara Rakhen.

 

  1. Shambuak, Ghongha : Ye Pita Mushroom Ke Pure Bhag Ko Kha Jate Hain Jo Bad Me Snkramit Ho Jate Hain Tatha Vaiktiriya Fasal Ke Gunavtta Par Bura Prabhav Daalate Hain.

 

Niyntran : Kyou‍b Se Pitaon Ko Hataie Tatha Unhen  Mar Daalea. Saf Suthari Sthiti Ko Banaye Rakhen.

Anyan Kitanu

  1. Krntik : Krntarkon Ka Humla Jyaphadatar Alp Kimat Vale Mushroom Hauson Par Paaya Jata Hai. Ve Anaj Ki Spo N Ko Khate Hain Tatha Kyoukabon Ke Andar Chhed Kar Dete Hain.

 

Niyntran : Mushroom Grhon Me Chuha Visha Chare Ka Istenamal Karen. Chuhon Ki Bilon Ko Kanch Ke Taukadon Avm Palasta R Se Band Kar Den.

  1. Ink Kaip (Koparinas Saip) � Yah Mushroom Ka Khar-Ptavar Hai Jo Fasal Hone Ke Pehle Kyou Bon Par Vikasit Hota Hai. Ve Bad Me Paripakvta Avadhi Par Kale Sliming Kai Me Vikhandit Ho Jate Hai.

6.

Niyntran : Sifarish Kie Gaye Niyntran Upaay Hi Koparinas Ko Kyouab Se Sharirik Rup Se Hata Skata Hai.

 

 

 

 

 

 

मसरूम के बारे में पुच्छे जाने वाले कुछ सवाल – 

ऊपर वाल प्रश्न है और निचे वाला उत्तर है – 

 

  • Kya Mushroom Maidani Kshaetron Me Ugai Ja Sakti Hai?

Ji Han, Mushroom Kahin Bhi Paida Ki Ja Sakti Hai Bashrte Vahan Ka Temperature Tatha Rdrata Jarurat Ke Anusar Ho.

  • Mushroom Ke Lea Kaun Si Jalvayu Upayukt Hai?

Mushroom Ek Indor Fasal Hai. Fasal Ke Phalnkay Ke Samay Temperature 14-18° Sellsiyas V Rdrata 85 Pratishat Rakhi Jati Hai.

  • Mushroom Ki Kheti Ke Lea Kaun Se Poshadhar Ki Aavashykata Hoti Hai?

Gehun/Pual Ki Tudi/Murgi Ki Bith/Gehun Ki Chaikar, Youriya Tatha Jipsam Ka Mishran Taiyar Karke Taiyar Khad Par Mushroom Ugai Jati Hai. Khaumb Ka Bij (Span) Gehun Ke Dano Se Taiyar Kiya Jata Hai.

  • Mushroom Ki Kheti Ke Lea Kaun Si Samany Aavashykata Padti Hai?

Mushroom Ek Indor Fasal Hone Ke Karan Iske Lea Niyntrit Temperature Aur Rdrata Ki Aavashyata Padti Hai. (Temperature 14-18° Sellsiyas V Rdrata 85 Pratishat Rakhi Jati Hai.)

  • Kya Mushroom Shakahari Athava Maasahari?

Mushroom Shakahari Hai.

  • Mushroom Khane Ke Kya-Kya Labh Hain?

Mushroom Nutritious Hote Hain, Protein Se Bharpur Hote Hain, Resha V Folik Sid Samgri Hoti Hai Jo Aamataur Par Sabjiyon V Ameeno Sid Me Nahin Hoti V Manushay Ke Khane Yogy Ann Me Anupasthit Rahti Hai.

  • Mushroom Ki Bazaar Kshamata Kya Hai?

Mushroom Ab Kafi Locupriy Ho Gaye Hain V Ab Isaki Bazaar Snbhaoneaen Badh Gai Hai. Shvet Btan Khaumb Taje V Dibbaband Athava Iske Sup Aur Aachar Ityadi Utpaad Taiyar Kar Beche Ja Sakte Hain. Dhingari Mushroom Sukhakar Bhi Beche Ja Sakte Hain.

  • Main Mushroom Me Makkhaiyon Se Kaise Chhutakara Paa Skata Hun?

Aap Screening Jal Darvaje Aur Krtrim Sans Ke Sath Nayalon Athava Lohe Ki Jali (35 Se 40 Aakar Ki Jali), Pile Color Ka Prkash V Milathin Athava Divaron Par Saiparmetharin Ki Spre Se Makkhaiyon Chhutakara Paa Sakte Hain.

  • Main Mushroom Ugane Ke Lea Kahan Se Prashikshan Prapt Kar Skata Hun?

Aap Khaumb Utpaadan Technique Prashikshan Khaumb Anusndhan Nideshalay, Chambaghata, Solan (Himachal Pradesh) – 173213 Athava Desh Ke Vibhinn Rajyon Ke Agriculture Vishvadidyalyon Se Prapt Kar Sakte Hain.

  • Mushroom Ke Kaun-Kaun Se Utpaad Taiyar Kie Ja Sakte Hain?

Aap Mushroom Se Aachar, Sup Powder, Kend, Biskuta, Badiya, Murabba Ityadi Utpaad Taiyar Kar Sakte Hain.

  • Kya Sirkar Mushroom Utpaadan Ikai Lagane Ke Lea Vittiy Sahayata/Sabsid Pradan Karti Hai?

Nabard, Rashatariy Bagavani Bord Aur Bank Mushroom Utpaadan Ikai, Spaaan Utpaadan Ikai Aur Khad Banane Ki Ikai Lagane Ke Lea Debt Pradan Karte Hain.

  • Khane Ki Mushroom Kitane Prkar Ki Hoti Hai?

Shvet Btan Khaumb, Dhingari Khaumb, Kala Chanpada Mushroom, Staroferiya Khaumb, Dudhiya Mushroom, Shitake Ityadi Kuch Khane Ki Mushroomen Hain Jo Ki Krtrim Rup Se Ugai Ja Sakti Hai. Khane Vali Guchchhi Mushroom Himachal Pradesh, Jammu V Kashmir Tatha Uttarakhand Ke Unchen Pahadon Se Ekatrit Ki Jati Hai.

  • Kya Mushroom Me Bimariyan Lgati Hain?

Ji Han, Mushroom Me Vibhinn Prkar Ki Bimariyan Lgati Hai. Mushroom Ki Kuch Mukhay Bimariyan Gila Bulabula, Shushk Bulabula, Kob Beb V Mold (Hara, Pila, Bhura) Hai.

 

 

 

विशेष –

मशरूम उत्पादन की तकनीकी की जानकारी किसान अपने समीप स्थित कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र या विश्वविद्यालय के विषय विशेषज्ञों  द्वारा जान सकते हैं। समय-समय पर कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र इसके उत्पादन के लिए ट्रेनिंग भी देते हैं, जिसका उद्देश्य किसानों को मशरूम उत्पादन की नई तकनीकी सिखाना व इससे अधिक उत्पादन लेकर लाभ को बढ़ाना है।

 

4 comments

  1. डी आर गेहलोत

    राजस्थान के पाली जिला में मशरूम की खेती करना चाहता हूँ ।
    यहाँ पर मौसम गर्म रहता है। क्या घर के कमरो में इसकी खेती की जा सकती है? तापमान को उचित डिग्री तक लाने के लिए क्या उपाय करने चाहिए? बीज कहाँ से मिल सकते है ? और उत्पादन के बाद बिक्री कहाँ पर हो सकती है ? कृपया जानकारी दें।

  2. Plz send full details for mushroom ki kheti ki jankari

  3. Mai masoom ka utpadan kar rha hoo lekin thook me kha veje sheel ke liye .ret kya mile GA. ?

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